Shaaban Robert Secondary School is owned and run by the Dar es Salaam Secondary Education Society. The Society has a board of governors consisting of eminent persons from various walks of life. The Chairman of the Board of Governors is Mr. Subash Patel.
Following the independence of Tanganyika in 1961, the government radically changed its educational policies. One of the changes that adopted was that all educational facilities should be made available to all citizens. Consequently the Dar Es Salaam Secondary Education Society was formed on 21st January 1963 with the express purpose of establishing a secondary school and this resulted in the establishment of Shaaban Robert Secondary School on 14th May 1963.