Tanzania Medicines and Medical Devices Authority (TMDA) is an Executive Agency under the Ministry of Health, Community Development, Gender, Elderly and Children (MOHCDGE). TMDA which was formerly known as Tanzania Food and Drugs Authority (TFDA) was established in 2003 after enactment by the Parliament of the Tanzania Food, Drugs and Cosmetics Act, Cap 219. This Act was later amended in 2019 to Tanzania Medicines and Medical Devices Act, Cap 219 after the shift of responsibilities of regulating food and cosmetics to Tanzania Bureau of Standards (TBS). The change in legislative framework which was done through the Finance Act, No. 8 of 2019 also resulted into the change of name to TMDA.
TMDA is now responsible for regulating quality, safety and effectiveness of medicines, medical devices and diagnostics. In order to improve public service delivery, TMDA is managed as an Executive Agency in accordance with the Executive Agencies Act, Cap. 245 which was also amended in 2009.