RITA: Importance of birth certificate in Tanzania

Umuhimu Wa Cheti Cha Kuzaliwa – Faida Za Cheti Cha Kuzaliwa  | Registration Insolvency and Trusteeship Agency (RITA):
The Registration Insolvency and Trusteeship Agency (RITA) aims at effective and efficient management of information on key life events, incorporation of trustees, safeguarding properties under trust, of deceased persons, insolvents, and minors to enable the law to take its course.



Importance of birth certificate in Tanzania:

  1. It opens up a Tanzania of health care. Every year, millions of children die from preventable diseases before they reach the age of five. Unregistered children are often unable to gain access to health care services or pay more for those services than a registered child. But a birth certificate means a child can access medical treatment and the vaccinations he or she needs to stay healthy.
  2. It means an education (HESLB). Without birth registration, a child can be kept from participating at school. But with a birth certificate, a child will have the necessary documentation needed to enroll in publicly funded schools.
  3. It can provide protection. Without identification, government officials have no documentation of a child’s existence. As a result, the law is incapable of protecting children from crimes and abuse. But effective birth registration protects children and provides them with their legal rights.
  4. It can help provide an inheritance. If an unregistered child’s parents pass away, they need to legally prove they are related  to inherit their family property. But with birth registration, a child will have the legal proof of their family ties, ensuring they receive what belongs to them.
  5. It creates a permanent record of existence. If a disaster strikes and a child is separated from his or her family, a reunion could be next to impossible without proper identification. But with birth registration, government officials can safely unite families and prevent any child from going unaccounted for.




A birth certificate gives a child easier access to a number of key social services and provides a child with an identity of their own. Plan International is calling for every child in the world to be registered, as a major step in ensuring children can access their basic rights.


Historical Background

RITA was officially launched on the 23rd June 2006 and replaces what was known as the Administrator Generals Department in the Attorney Generals Chambers, Ministry of Justice and Constitutional Affairs. It is an Executive Agency under the Attorney Generals Chambers in the Ministry of Justice and Constitutional Affairs.

The history of RITA dates back in 1917 when the German Colonial power enacted a law for registration of births and deaths (Proclamation No.15 of 1917 (Civil Area). When the British took over the administration of Tanganyika (Tanzania Mainland) from the Germans retained the Register of births and deaths established under the Germans law by saving it under the Births and Deaths Registration Ordinance, 1920 (Cap.108)


It should be noted that under both colonial powers registration of births and deaths was not compulsory for Africans.

The Agency has got 132 employees.RITA Headquarters 93 employees and 39 employees at District Offices. The Agency has no offices of its own at district level, but mainly relies and works with collaboration of the Districts and Regional Authorities in order to carry out its functions smoothly.

The Agency enjoys the monopoly in business of registration of births, deaths, marriages, divorces and incorporation of trustees. With liberalization of the economy the Agencys business in matters of receivership and company liquidation is likely to revive from stagnancy it suffered during the years following the Arusha Declaration.


For more information Visit  http://www.rita.go.tz/

October 2020